Posts Tagged ‘Triethyleneglycol’

Optimal Diluent and Base Methacrylate Combinations

Thursday, September 15th, 2011
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Influence of the base and diluent methacrylate monomers on the polymerization stress and its determinants

N. R. G. Fróes-Salgado, L. C. Boaro, B. Pick, C. S. Pfeifer, C. E. Francci, M. M. Méier, R. R. Braga.  Journal of Applied Polymer Science.

Overview:

The correct pairing of methacrylate diluents and resins can optimize properties like polymerization stress, volumetric shrinkage, degree of conversion, maximum rate of polymerization, and elastic modulus in composite formulations.

Abstract:

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the association between bisphenol-A diglycidyl dimethacrylate (BisGMA) or its ethoxylated version (BisEMA) with diluents derived from the ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA), with increasing number of ethylene glycol units (1: EGDMA, 2: DEGDMA, 3: TEGDMA, or 4: TETGDMA), or trimethylol propane trimethacrylate (TMPTMA) or 1,10-decanediol dimethacrylate (D3MA) on polymerization stress, volumetric shrinkage, degree of conversion, maximum rate of polymerization (Rpmax), and elastic modulus of experimental composites. BisGMA containing formulations presented lower shrinkage and stress but higher modulus and Rpmax than those containing BisEMA. TMPTMA presented the lowest stress among all diluents, as a result of lower conversion. EGDMA, DEGDMA, TEGDMA, and TETGDMA presented similar polymerization stress which was higher than the stress presented by D3MA and TMPTMA. D3MA presented similar conversion when copolymerized with both base monomers. The other diluents presented higher conversion when associated with BisEMA. EGDMA showed similar shrinkage compared with DEGDMA and higher than the other diluents. The lower conversion achieved by TMPTMA did not jeopardize its elastic modulus, similar to the other diluents. Despite the similar conversion presented by D3MA in comparison with EGDMA and DEGDMA, its lower elastic modulus may limit its use. Rather than proposing new materials, this study provides a systematic evaluation of off the shelf monomers and their effects on stress development, as highlighted by the analysis of conversion, shrinkage and modulus, to aid the optimization of commercially available materials. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2011


LINK:  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/app.34947/full

Article first published online: 1 SEP 2011.  DOI: 10.1002/app.34947


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UDMA – TEGDMA Viable Resin System for Chlorhexidine Release

Thursday, June 17th, 2010
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Controlled Release of Chlorhexidine from UDMA-TEGDMA Resin

K.J. Anusavice, N.-Z. Zhang and C. Shen

J DENT RES 2006; 85; 950

ABSTRACT
Chlorhexidine salts are available in various formulations for dental applications. This study tested the hypothesis that the release of chlorhexidine from a urethane dimethacrylate and triethylene glycol dimethacrylate resin system can be effectively controlled by the chlorhexidine diacetate content and pH. The filler concentrations were 9.1, 23.1, or 33.3 wt%, and the filled resins were exposed to pH 4 and pH 6 acetate buffers. The results showed that Fickian diffusion was the dominant release mechanism. The rates of release were significantly higher in pH 4 buffer, which was attributed to the increase of chlorhexidine diacetate solubility at lower pH. The higher level of filler loading reduced the degree of polymerization, leading to a greater loss of organic components and higher chlorhexidine release rates.

Link:  http://jdr.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/85/10/950


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