Posts Tagged ‘dimethacrylate’

PRODUCT SPOTLIGHT: Urethane Dimethacrylate

Monday, June 10th, 2013
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Synonyms

Item Code: X-850-0000
Product Name: Urethane Dimethacrylate, UDMA, DUDMA, diurethane dimethacrylate
INCI: Di-HEMA Trimethylhexyl Dicarbamate

Our Urethane Dimethacrylate is a mix of isomers and is often used in light-cure systems. As a homopolymer, UDMA cures to form a hard, glassy surface that is low in color and bisphenol A free!  Various urethane dimethacrylates have been used in anaerobic adhesive applications. This material has also been referred to as diurethane dimethacrylate, DUDMA as well as Di-HEMA Trimethylhexyl Dicarbamate.

 

Performance Properties:

  • Fast curing
  • Low color
  • Customizable to meet your application

Typical Applications:

  • Light-curable, Dental Composite Base Resin
  • Predominant resin in UV-curable nail gels
  • Component in Anaerobic Adhesives
  • Energy-curable coatings

 

**** Contact Us FOR MORE INFORMATION OR SAMPLES! ****

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Optimal Diluent and Base Methacrylate Combinations

Thursday, September 15th, 2011
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Influence of the base and diluent methacrylate monomers on the polymerization stress and its determinants

N. R. G. Fróes-Salgado, L. C. Boaro, B. Pick, C. S. Pfeifer, C. E. Francci, M. M. Méier, R. R. Braga.  Journal of Applied Polymer Science.

Overview:

The correct pairing of methacrylate diluents and resins can optimize properties like polymerization stress, volumetric shrinkage, degree of conversion, maximum rate of polymerization, and elastic modulus in composite formulations.

Abstract:

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the association between bisphenol-A diglycidyl dimethacrylate (BisGMA) or its ethoxylated version (BisEMA) with diluents derived from the ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA), with increasing number of ethylene glycol units (1: EGDMA, 2: DEGDMA, 3: TEGDMA, or 4: TETGDMA), or trimethylol propane trimethacrylate (TMPTMA) or 1,10-decanediol dimethacrylate (D3MA) on polymerization stress, volumetric shrinkage, degree of conversion, maximum rate of polymerization (Rpmax), and elastic modulus of experimental composites. BisGMA containing formulations presented lower shrinkage and stress but higher modulus and Rpmax than those containing BisEMA. TMPTMA presented the lowest stress among all diluents, as a result of lower conversion. EGDMA, DEGDMA, TEGDMA, and TETGDMA presented similar polymerization stress which was higher than the stress presented by D3MA and TMPTMA. D3MA presented similar conversion when copolymerized with both base monomers. The other diluents presented higher conversion when associated with BisEMA. EGDMA showed similar shrinkage compared with DEGDMA and higher than the other diluents. The lower conversion achieved by TMPTMA did not jeopardize its elastic modulus, similar to the other diluents. Despite the similar conversion presented by D3MA in comparison with EGDMA and DEGDMA, its lower elastic modulus may limit its use. Rather than proposing new materials, this study provides a systematic evaluation of off the shelf monomers and their effects on stress development, as highlighted by the analysis of conversion, shrinkage and modulus, to aid the optimization of commercially available materials. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2011


LINK:  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/app.34947/full

Article first published online: 1 SEP 2011.  DOI: 10.1002/app.34947


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Novel CAD-CAM Blocks Increase Load-Bearing Capacity of Dental Prostheses

Tuesday, September 6th, 2011
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Load-bearing capacity of handmade and computer-aided design–computer-aided manufacturing-fabricated three-unit fixed dental prostheses of particulate filler composite

Authors: Gööncüü Başşaran, Emine; Ayna, Emrah; Vallittu, Pekka K.; Lassila, Lippo V. J.


Overview: The load-bearing capacity of traditional CAD-CAM fabricated dental prostheses was significantly increased through the formulation of novel blocks incorporating dimethacrylate resins and silanated glass from Esstech Inc.


Objectives: To compare handmade and computer-aided design–computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM)-fabricated fixed dental prostheses (FDPs) composed of a particulate filler composite.

Materials and Methods: Handmade FDPs were made of restorative composite (Z 100) and CAD-CAM-fabricated FDPs were made of commercial CAD-CAM blocks (VITA Temp) and two experimental CAD-CAM blocks of particulate filler composite. Experimental CAD composite A was prepared by mixing 31.2 wt.% of dimethacrylate resin with 68.7 wt.% of filler particles of barium oxide silicate (BaSiO2). Experimental CAD composite B was prepared by mixing 25.6 wt.% of dimethacrylate resin with 74.3 wt.% of filler particles of BaSiO2. Six groups were fabricated (n == 6 in each); FDPs were statically loaded until final fracture.

Results: Experimental CAD composites A and B revealed the highest load-bearing capacity of the FDPs, while Z 100 showed the lowest.

Conclusion: FDPs made of experimental CAD composite blocks showed higher load-bearing capacities than handmade commercial composites and commercial blocks.


Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, Volume 69, Number 3, May 2011 , pp. 144-150(7)

DOI: 10.3109/00016357.2010.545034


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UDMA – TEGDMA Viable Resin System for Chlorhexidine Release

Thursday, June 17th, 2010
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Controlled Release of Chlorhexidine from UDMA-TEGDMA Resin

K.J. Anusavice, N.-Z. Zhang and C. Shen

J DENT RES 2006; 85; 950

ABSTRACT
Chlorhexidine salts are available in various formulations for dental applications. This study tested the hypothesis that the release of chlorhexidine from a urethane dimethacrylate and triethylene glycol dimethacrylate resin system can be effectively controlled by the chlorhexidine diacetate content and pH. The filler concentrations were 9.1, 23.1, or 33.3 wt%, and the filled resins were exposed to pH 4 and pH 6 acetate buffers. The results showed that Fickian diffusion was the dominant release mechanism. The rates of release were significantly higher in pH 4 buffer, which was attributed to the increase of chlorhexidine diacetate solubility at lower pH. The higher level of filler loading reduced the degree of polymerization, leading to a greater loss of organic components and higher chlorhexidine release rates.

Link:  http://jdr.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/85/10/950


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X-726-0000 Serves as HEMA Alternative and Improves Degree of Conversion

Wednesday, March 31st, 2010
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Polymerization Shrinkage and Stress Development in Amorphous Calcium Phosphate/Urethane Dimethacrylate Polymeric Composites

J.M. Antonucci, W.F. Regnault, and D. Skrtic

Journal of Composite Materials, Feb 2010; vol. 44: pp. 355 – 367. DOI: 10.1177/0021998309345180

Abstract: This study explores how substituting a new high molecular mass oligomeric poly(ethylene glycol) extended urethane dimethacrylate (UDMA) (PEG-U) for 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) in photo-activated UDMA resins affects degree of vinyl conversion (DC), polymerization shrinkage (PS), stress development (PSSD) and biaxial flexure strength (BFS) of their amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP) composites. The composites were prepared from four types of resins (UDMA, PEG-U, UDMA/HEMA, and UDMA/PEG-U) and zirconia-hybridized ACP. Introducing PEG-U improved DC, while not adversely affecting PS, PSSD, and the BFS of composites. This improvement in DC is attributed to the long, more flexible structure between the vinyl groups of PEG-U and its higher molecular mass compared to poly(HEMA). The results imply that PEG-U has the potential to serve as an alternative to HEMA in dental and other biomedical applications.

…material research program supported by FDA, NIST, and ADAF. Generous contribution of UDMA, PEG- U, and HEMA monomers from Esstech, Essington, PA, USA, is gratefully acknowledged. Polymerization Shrinkage and Stress in ACP Composites 365 The authors also…

This version was published on February 1, 2010

Link: http://jcm.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/44/3/355


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Camphorquinone Decomposition Rates Vary Among UDMA and BisGMA/TEGDMA Formulations

Thursday, March 18th, 2010
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Photobleaching of camphorquinone during polymerization of dimethacrylate-based resins

Silvana Asmusen, Gustavo Arenas, Wayne D. Cook, Claudia Vallo

Dental Materials, December 2009 (Vol. 25, Issue 12, Pages 1603-1611)

Abstract: Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the photobleaching rate of CQ in different dental resins. Methods: The photodecomposition rate of CQ/amine system in bis-GMA/TEGDMA, bis-EMA and UDMA polymerizing monomers was evaluated at different light intensities. The photobleaching of the CQ was studied by monitoring the decrease in light absorption as a function of continuous irradiation time. The absorption changes were assessed by recording the transmitted light that passed through samples of monomers containing CQ/amine. Results: Complete photobleaching of CQ was observed in all the monomer tested and the rate constant for the photobleaching was proportional to the radiation intensity. Hydrogen abstraction from amines by the excited CQ state via electron transfer and direct hydrogen abstraction from monomer structures were involved in the CQ photoreduction. CQ was photobleached in the absence of coinitiator in a dimethacrylate monomer containing a carbamate functional group (UDMA). This behavior was attributed to the presence of labile hydrogen atoms in the UDMA monomer. The CQ photobleaching rate constant in UDMA containing CQ/amine was similar to that in UDMA in the absence of amine. Moreover, the efficiency of CQ to photoinitiate the polymerization of UDMA in the absence of amine demonstrated that the radicals derived from the UDMA monomer via hydrogen abstraction are highly reactive toward double bonds.

Significance: CQ photoinitiates the polymerization of the UDMA monomer in the absence of amine and the efficiency of this process is comparable to that of traditional bis-GMA and bis-EMA monomers activated with CQ/amine.

Link:  http://www.demajournal.com/article/S0109-5641(09)00285-1/abstract


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