Posts Tagged ‘4-META’

Optimal Solvent Ratio for Adhesive Systems

Wednesday, June 1st, 2011
Share This Post!

Hybridization morphology and dentin bond stability of self-etch primers with different ethanol/water ratios

Silvia T. Fontes, Giana S. Lima, Fabrício A. Ogliari, Evandro Piva and Rafael R. Moraes

Odontology, DOI: 10.1007/s10266-011-0030-5


This study evaluated the influence of ethanol/water ratios on the bond strength to dentin of experimental two-step, self-etch adhesive systems. Self-etch primers were prepared with constant 40 mass % of solvents. The ethanol/water ratios tested were 7:1 (P1), 3:1 (P2), and 1:1 (P3); primers with only ethanol (PE) or water (PW) as solvent were also tested. The bond strength to the dentin was investigated through a microtensile bond strength test. Resin–dentin beam-shaped specimens were obtained and tested after 24 h, 6 months, and 1 year of storage in water at 37°C. The hybridization morphology was analyzed using SEM. For bond strength at 24 h, PE = P1, P1 = P2, and P2, P3 and PW > PE. After 6 months, PE = P1 < P2, P3 and PW. After 1 year, no significant differences among the materials were detected. No significant differences among the periods were detected for PE. For P1, 24 h > 6 months = 1 year. For P2, P3 and PW, 24 h = 6 months > 1 year. For PE and P1, adhesive failures were predominant at 24 h, mixed or adhesive failures after 6 months, and premature debonding was predominant after 1 year. For P2, mixed failures were predominant at 24 h and 6 months, and premature debonding after 1 year. For P3 and PW, mixed failures were predominant at all storage periods. The SEM analysis revealed no clear differences in the hybridization patterns yielded by the water-based primers; PE showed formation of irregular resin tags.
Odontology 123 Page 6. Acknowledgments This study was partially supported by grant #04/ 1374.1 from the FAPERGS, Brazil. The authors also thank Esstech, Inc. for donating the reagents used in the present investigation


Sign up for our Monthly Email Update summarizing all new posts to, CLICK HERE.

Share This Post!

Esstech Inc. – Creating custom products & formulations to meet your unique needs!