Optimized LED cure of BisGMA:TEGDMA

Micro-Raman spectroscopic analysis of the degree of conversion of composite resins containing different initiators cured by polywave or monowave LED units

Vesna Miletic a, Ario Santini b,

a Clinical Lecturer, University of Belgrade, School of Dentistry, Department of Restorative Odontology and Endodontics, Rankeova 4, Belgrade, Serbia

b Director of Biomaterials Research, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh Postgraduate Dental Institute, Lauriston Place, Edinburgh EH3 9HA, United Kingdom

Received 20 August 2011; revised 28 October 2011; Accepted 30 October 2011. Available online 6 November 2011.


To determine the degree of conversion (DC) over 48 h post-curing of resin mixtures containing trimethylbenzoyl-diphenylphosphine oxide (TPO) initiator cured by a polywave or a monowave LED light-curing unit (LCU).


In resin mixtures based on equal weight percent (wt%) of BisGMA and TEGDMA the following initiators were added: 0.2wt% camphorquinone (CQ) + 0.8wt% ethyl-4-dimethylaminobenzoate (EDMAB) (Group 1); 1wt% TPO (Group 2) and 0.1wt% CQ + 0.4wt% EDMAB + 0.5wt% TPO (Group 3). Half of the samples in each group (n = 5) were cured using a polywave (bluephase® G2, Ivoclar Vivadent) or a monowave LED LCU (bluephase®, Ivoclar Vivadent). The DC was measured using micro-Raman spectroscopy within 5 min and then 1, 3, 6, 24 and 48 h post-irradiation. The data were analyzed using general linear model and two-way ANOVA for the factors ‘time’, ‘material’, ‘surface’ and ‘LCU’ at α=0.05.


The initial DC values obtained upon light curing remained similar over a 48 h period. bluephase® G2 produced the highest DC in Group 2 followed by Group 3, and Group 1. bluephase® resulted in the highest DC in Group 1, followed by Group 2 and Group 3 (p < 0.05).


Unfilled resin materials containing both TPO- and CQ-amine initiators are effectively cured using bluephase® G2. Resin mixture with the same wt% of initiators is better cured when TPO is the only initiator, compared to CQ-amine only or combined TPO and CQ-amine system. After initial light cure, no additional conversion of uncured monomers was detected in an unfilled resin material over 48 h at 37 °C.


Page 5 of 24 Ac ce pte d M an usc rip t 4 Materials and Methods The following materials were
used in the study: bisphenol A bis(2-bydroxy-3- methacryloxypropyl)ether (BisGMA), triethylene
glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA)
, camphorquinone (CQ) (Esstech Inc, Essington, PA

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