Effect of etchant variation on wet and dry dentin bonding primed with 4-META/acetone
N. Nakabayashi, K. Hiranuma
In the paper referenced, a 4-META based adhesive proves effective in improving monomer impregnation of demineralized dentin resulting in improved adhesion.
Objective: To collect data that explains the advantage, if any, of wet bonding versus dry bonding to dentin, and to more clearly understand the mechanism of wet bonding.
Methods: Bovine dentin samples were prepared with #600-grit paper and were divided into four groups of six each. The first six specimens were etched with 10% citric acid and 3% ferric chloride for 10s then rinsed and blot-dried (Gr. 1: 10-3:W). The second six were etched with 10% citric acid and 3% ferric chloride then rinsed and air-dried (Gr. 2: 10-3:D). The third six were etched with 10% citric acid for 10s, rinsed and blot-dried (Gr. 3: 10-0:W). The fourth group of six samples was etched, rinsed and air-dried (Gr. 4: 10-0:D). All groups were primed with 5% 4-methacryloyloxyethyl trimellitate anhydride (4-META) in acetone for 60s and an acrylic rod was bonded to the samples using a 4-META/methyl methacrylate (MMA)-tri-n-butyl borane (TBB) resin. The samples were fashioned into dumbbell-shaped specimens and stressed in tension until bond failure, to determine tensile bond strengths. Fractured surfaces were examined by scanning electron microscopy.
Significance: Effective dentin bonding depended upon the etchants employed. 10-0 etching and air-drying caused the demineralized dentin to collapse in which case wet bonding became necessary to obtain good TBS data. The specimens demineralized with 10-3 did not collapse, even when air-dried; consequently both wet and dry bonding proved effective for obtaining high tensile bond strength data.